Archive for the ‘climate change’ Category

Gender in Climate Change Adaptation

gcca Why do we need to address gender issues in climate
change adaptation?

•Women often suffer most from CC impacts: poorer, more vulnerable, less access to resources and services, victims of gendered division of labour, less liberty of migration, low visibility and decision-making power less, face violence in face of disaster/conflicts, inadequate attention for women’s reproductive and sexual health.

• In order for adaptation strategies to be effective and sustainable, we need women to participate.

• Women’s priorities and strategies integrated in CC adaptation results in
more sustainability and fairness.

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Gender in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation

gccmitiad The United Nations has assumed obligations in all policy areas and programs of gender mainstreaming.
Gender equality has yet to be attained anywhere in the world, however. Women and men have  different societal and social roles and responsibilities. The legal situation of women and men differs greatly in many countries, as does their economic situation and their involvement and participation in decision-making. That is why it is not surprising that gender relations also play a role in climate change mitigation and adaptation to climate change. This has not yet been sufficiently taken into account,  however, in the concrete implementation of climate policy at the local or national levels.

It is apparent that there is a paucity of data in the area of gender and climate change mitigation. Nevertheless, there is much to indicate what an important role gender relations play in seeking to understand the causes of climate change and its mitigation. Taking this role into account is of crucial importance if we are to successfully adapt to the consequences of climate change, some of which have already manifested themselves.

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Gender, Climate Change and Human Security: Lessons from Bangladesh, Ghana and Senegal

genderclimatechangehs Climate change is increasingly recognized as a major human security issue that poses serious global threats. For the world’s poor the impact will be most severe, disproportionately affecting their livelihoods and security. As a result, they are most likely to bear the heaviest burdens when natural disaster strike. At the same time, women are more often overlooked as potential contributors to climate change solutions, thus to the security of all human beings.

The Hyogo Framework for Action that emerged from the United Nation’s 2005 World Conference on Disaster Reduction states that “a gender perspective should be integrated in all disaster risk management policies, plans and decision-making processess, including those related to risk assessment, early warning, information management and education and training” (ISDR, 2005:4). It is, therefore, imperative that governments and other stakeholders to build into their policies and programs strong links between gender, human security and climate change.

This study presents a gendered analysis of how climate change impacts on human security. It also assesses whether adequate scope exists for women to participate in improved human security in a scenario of changing climate. Based on this analysis, recommendations are given for enhancing the integration of a gender perspective in climate change and human security policies and programs.

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Gender, Development and Climate Change

oxfam In the face of extreme weather events, desertification, and a rise in the sea levels, governments and communities increasingly recognize that the need to adapt and mitigate to climate change is urgent. the global agenda and negotiations focus on what governments, corporations, and institutions can do in the search for large-scale technological solutions. Yet women, men, and local communities all have roles, responsibilities, and interests that hold the potential either to harm or benefit the environment.

This book considers the gendered dimensions of climate change. It shows how gender analysis has been widely overlooked in debates about climate change and its interactions with poverty, and demonstrates its importance for those seeking to understand the impacts of global environmental change on human communities.

Ranging in scope from high-level global decision-making to local communities, the contributiors examine the potential impacts of environmental degradation and change on vulnerable groups. They highlight the different vulnerabilities, risks and coping strategies of poor women and men in the face of environmental degradation and increased livelihood insecurity. They show how good gender analysis at all levels of policy-making and implementation is essential in ensuring equitable outcomes for women and men, and key to creating climate change policies that work for poor people as well as for the rich.

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Case Study: Gender and Climate Change Finance, Philippines

philippinesthumbnailWhat do women’s rights have to do with climate finance? Investing in women is one of the most effective ways to advance sustainable development and fight climate change devastation. Taking an in-depth look at the Philippines, WEDO explores the gender dimensions of climate finance at the national level in our latest publication Gender and Climate Change Finance: A Case Study from the Philippines.

Existing conditions and discrimination determine who is most impacted by “natural” disasters. Women are the majority of the 1.3 billion people living in the deepest poverty worldwide, and people in poverty bear the brunt of climate change impacts. They are most dependent on the environment for livelihoods, food, fuel and medicine. Women often lead communities in conserving natural resources, adapting crops to changing soil and climatic conditions, and rebuilding following natural disasters. The feminization of poverty and gendered divisions of labor present clear differences in how climate change impacts women and men, and their respective capacities for coping with and adapting to climate’s changes. And while women tend to bear a disproportionate burden of adjustment to climate change, they contribute less than men to greenhouse gas emissions.

Investing in women is one of the most effective ways to advance sustainable development and fight climate change devastation. WEDO and Heinrich Boell Foundation partnered with Athena Peralta—a Manila-based advocate on ecology, economy and gender—to document the gender impacts of climate change on women in the Philippines and assess how decision-makers at the national-level are addressing gender roles and women’s rights, lives and livelihoods in climate finance policy.

The study concludes with proposals for ensuring women and gender are adequately addressed in national climate financing policies, programs and frameworks. These include:
• Create mechanisms that guarantee women’s equal access to negotiating, developing managing and implementing adaptation and mitigation financing
• Include disaggregated indicators on mitigation and adaptation funds for targeting and monitoring benefits to women
• Develop principles and procedures to protect and encourage women’s access to national adaptation programs and projects
• Conduct gender impact assessments of adaptation and mitigation strategies
• Implement the ‘polluter pays’ and ‘shared but differentiated’ principles
• Ensure mitigation strategies include both financing new, green technologies and development and enforcement of necessary regulations of greenhouse gas emissions

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Gender and Climate Finance: Double Mainstreaming for Sustainable Development


 Climate change is real, it is happening already and its impact on people are not gender-neutral. It is affecting men and women all over the world differently, especially in the world’s poorest countries and amongst the most vulnerable people and communities. As women and men have different adaptive and mitigative capabilities, the financing instruments and mechanisms committed to climate change activities in mitigation and adaptation need to take these gender-differentiated impacts into account in funds design and operationalization as well as concrete project financing.

So far, environmental financing mechanisms have provided only limited benefits for the least development countries (LDC) and the poorest and most disadvantaged within those countries. Women as a group are generally least considered by modern environmental financing mechanisms. The reasons are manifold and can be found among those impeding women’s development all over the world. They range from a lack of access to capital and markets, to women’s unrecognized and uncompensated care contributions, to lacking legal protection and ownership rights to cultural and societal biases against women’s engagement in learning, political participation and decision-making processes.

The experiences of mainstreaming gender in development efforts can be instructive, and tools developed in this context can likewise be adapted and utilized for making climate financing instruments more gender equitable. These include, but not limited to gender sensitive indicators; gender analysis of project and program designs; gender-inclusive consultation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation; possible gender finance quotas or set-aside via gender responsive budgeting processes applied to project funding; as well as mandatory gender audits of funds spent. However, the single most important tool in advancing fair and gender-equitable climate finance mechanisms–and apparently still the most illusive—is a political commitment on every level to take gender seriously in combating climate change.

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Human Rights, Climate Change, Women



By the Worldwide Organization for Women

15 June 2009

This statement is joined by the following members of the CoNGO NGO Committee on the Status of Women: Worldwide Organization for Women (WOW), Pan Pacific and South East Asia Women’s Association (PSAWA), International Federation of University Women, International Business and Professional Women, International Alliance of Women, International Council of Women, Zonta International, Federation of American Women’s Club Overseas, International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse, Women’s Federation for the World Peace International.

We appreciate the opportunity that has been given in this 11th Session to discuss human rights and climate change. Specifically today we would like to address the issue of women and climate change. According to the research of the Women’s Environment and Development Organization (WEDO), women and children are 14 times more likely to die than men are during a disaster. In 2006, a study at the London School of Economics analyzing disasters in 141 countries provided the definitive evidence that gender differences in deaths from natural disasters are directly linked to women’s economic and social rights. That is, gender inequalities are magnified in disaster situations. So when women lack basic rights, more women than men will die from natural disasters.

In many countries, women are supposed to look after children, the elderly and their homes which hampers their own rescue efforts in almost all types of natural disasters. Yet, the most important reason why women are more vulnerable to the fatal impact of  natural disasters is because of their lower social economic status in many countries. Climate change poses a serious challenge to social and economic development. Women have less access to financial resources, land, education, health and other basic rights and are seldom involved in the decision making processes. When poor women lose their livelihood, they slip deeper into poverty and the inequality and are less able to cope with the impact of climate change.

These discrepancies are the result of existing inequalities. For example, climate change will affect some of the most fundamental social determinants of health: poverty, food, housing and water. The warming of the planet will be gradual, but the increasing frequency and severity of extreme weather events, such as intense storms, heat waves, droughts and floods, will be abrupt and the consequences will be acutely felt.

Both women and girls suffer more from the shortages of food and economic resources in the aftermath of disasters. Boys are likely to receive preferential treatment in rescue efforts and often during and after disasters such as long periods of droughts more girl drop out of school to reduce household expenses by saving school fees or to assist in the household with task such as fetching water.

A strain on food production will certainly translate into increased hardship for women, who often carry out the majority of farming activities. As crop yields decline and resources become scarcer, women’s workload will expand. In times of drought, they will also have to spend more time performing another typical female responsibility— carrying, purifying and supplying the family’s water.

Since it is poor and elderly women who are disproportionately affected by climate change, there is a strong case for the need to ensure equal social and economic rights for all women. Climate change interventions that fail to address women’s needs will fail to support those most affected by climate change and reinforce the disparity between men and women in their capacity to adapt to ongoing changes in the world climatic conditions.

Effective and responsive replementation requires balanced participation of all relevant stakeholder including men and women where their experiences are reflected.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon said climate change imperils the most precious treasures of our planets and it’s defining issue of our era.

The time for this definition is now and should  necessarily reflect a woman’s perspective.

Source: WUNRN